HISTORY :

I. IN THE MANUAL OF REVENUE ACCOUNTS OF THE VILLAGES, TALUKS & DISTRICTS OF BOMBAY STATES, by F.G.H.Anderson.I.C.S.Under chapter “Inspection & Audit  “(Page351) the description regarding Jamabandi can be seen.

This term means literally FIXING OF DEMAND. In days when there was no survey and the demand was really fixed each year by the Collector and distributed among  Kamvisdars by Mahals or Paraganas, by whom(in Gujrat)it was apportioned among Desais who were responsible for villages or tariffs.

     The jamabandi was a most important function which keenly interested every rayat. Moreover it took place before the collection not after. Probably the Rayats would have refused to pay any thing until filrst formal jamabandi had taken place, at which they could have made themselves heard.

          “ But now a days the demand for fixed Land Revenue is settled by the Survey Department and remissions, suspensions are based upon the fixed demand according to rule of general application, while the demand for fluctuating Land Revenue is fixed by individual of proper authorities from time to time, there is no Jamabandi in the sense of settlement of  demand, to be performed, but the process is partly an Audit of the last year’s account, partly an inspection tosee that the accounts of current  year made uptodate,and partly a general test of the work of the Village Officers”.

 The practice hitherto has been that ,first the Mamaltedar calls together all Kulkarnis in his Taluka and checks the account of the past and current year called JAMABANDI.”

 “The jamabandi examination is a test of the accuracy and exact
 correspondence of the village with the Taluka accounts; it is a  matter                     
 between Mamaltedar and the Village Accountant  and not between the 
Rayat and Government. The examination ought therefore to  take place the Taluka Kacheri,but it is desirable that Prant Officer should  see all his Village officers once in a year”.

              “Though the presence of rayats or even Patil  is not necessary for the business in hand, still in Districts where there is any such customs as that of  giving “PAN SUPARI” to the heriditory Village Officers,it should be  maintained. And the annual interview between Prant  Officer and Village Officer should not be abandoned.”

II .In the MANUAL OF REVENUE ACCOUNTS by Theodare.Hope 
 ICS, Collector of Surat.
   
 Jamabandi means

                                                                                                                  

III. Chapter IX of Manual for Village Accountants speaks about 
   jamabandi.                                                           
        
       The main objects of jamabandi  are ;-

Kinds of JAMABANDI

As per the para 82 of Chapter IX of Manual for Village Accountants prescribed by the Government of Karnataka, Jamabandi is of two kinds

 

             1) Dittam Jamabandi         2)Huzur Jamabandi

      

            Dittam jamabandi is conducted by Tahasildar,immediately after the Annual Accounts of a village are completed by the Village Accountant as on  1ST JULY.

     Para 85 of Chapter IX : Tahasildar should conduct the dittam jamabandi at Hobli Head Quarters / V.A’s circle headquarters

   The following Registers and accounts are required to be examined at dittam jamabandi.

It will be seen that the Dittam Jamabandi is conducted by the Tahsildars ,constitutes a prelimnary test of village accounts before Huzur Jamabandi  is taken up by the Huzur Jamabandi officer,which will be moré thorough and detailed examination, covering all possible aspects of the Revenue Management of the Taluka.

The following Statements of Accounts should be kept ready for the Huzur Jamabandi in addition to the Dittam records. 

    

 
Hujur Jamabandi is conducted by the Deputy Commissioner or by Asst.Commissioner any other officer appointed as such, between OCTOBER  to DECEMBER, to verify and settle the village accounts of the previous  year and to determine the Land Revenue and other dues for the current year. This is more or less an AUDIT of last year’s account and partly INSPECTION to see that the accounts  of the current year  are brought up-to-date.

  Para 86 of Chapter IX of VILLAGE ACCOUNTANTS MANUAL adds;-

            The annual Jamabandi Settlement is the most important Revenue Work, by which the total Demand for each village and Taluk is determined.
            As the Jamabandi work should “on no account be delayed”, the Village Accountant should complete all his Registers and Accounts well in advance of Taluka Jamabandi ,so that Annual Huzur Jamabandi is conducted at the earliest opportunity.

Para 87 : Jamabandi  should be completed at the very  latest by15th          
       March.

Para 13   of Chapter I of VILLAGE ACCOUNTANTS MANUAL Cautions 
       as;-

                “ The Village Accountant is hereby WARNED that the maintenance of the Records as detailed above is his PRIMARY and              STATUTORY DUTY as laid down in Section 17(1) of the            Karnataka Land Revenue Act.1964,and he is liable for             disciplinary action under K.C.S.(C.C.& A)Rules 1957,if he found              remiss or  negligent in the performance of his duty.``

 

“JAMABANDI“ LINKED WITH THE PROVISIONS UNDER KARNATAKA LAND REVENUE  ACT, 1964 and KARNATAKA LAND REVENUE RULES 1966.
     

 

 

 

Existing Procedure of JAMABANDI in the Districts of   BELGAUM Division.

 

   regular Jamabandis are conducted.

 

 

 

CONSEQUENCIES :

 

 

SUGGESTIONS

Since the LAND REVENUE leviable on account of a Revenue Year,  shall be payable in 4 installments  and the first installment starts from 1st day of JANUARY , the HUZUR JAMABANDI  should be completed  by the end of DECEMBER.

By this conclusion, we may derive the CALENDER  for
Jamabandi as follows:-
                                 
                                    CALENDER FOR JAMABANDI   


* 1ST JULY to end of AUGUST :   Upto dating of Records by the V.A.s & R.Is                                          
                            

* September & October 15th  :    Hobli wise DITTAM Jamabandi By the Tahasildars. 
                                        

 * From 16th October to end of December    HUZUR JAMABANDI  by the  Authorized Officers of Revenue Department and certification of Khata in form No. 24.                                                        
                                                                                  
                          

* From JANUARY to APRIL: Recovery starts as per approved Khata (form 24)In 4 installments as per Sec.159 read with Rule 110(1) .

 
PROPOSED CHECKS:    

Jamabandi checks may be  proposed to be done in  3 stages.

                   Verification of  Receipt and payments of previous year at  villagelevel.Such as Land Revenue, other Govt dues,Mutation       Fees,Mudranka shulka,warsa late fees, phodi fees, copying fees 
etc., Carry forward of balance in newly written Form.No.24. 

 

                Reconciliation of Areas ,i.e. decrease in cultivable area, 
 increase in non cultivable area, area lost in diluvion, area gone in acquisition, N.A. areas and Boundary marks.

 

                    Since no uniform procedure lie in the Districts of Belgaum Division following aspects may be considered to have a unique & uniform procedure in the Division.

 

A note on ANNEWARI

 

  1. What is Annewari………………

                It is a process to calculate the  cropwise yield of the crops  in terms of Anna and acre.
                   
b) How it is  done   
Through crop cutting experiments, done for each crop in each season of every year.

c)Who has to do
V.A.s…all villages, R.I….20% Tahsildar . 5% of the total villages in taluka /circle.

d) Why it is done.

  1. To know the estimation of Food production of a country.
  2. To declare the areas as scarcity /calamity affected.
  3. To remit or suspend the land revenue payable.
  4. To extend the loans,to convert the short term loans to long term loans.and to waive if necessary.

    
PROVISIONS REGARDING ANNEWARI IN LAND REVENUE ACT.1964/Rules 1966.

Section 194 of Chapter XV of the Land Revenue Act 1964 speaks about the Remission of Land Revenue ,which is a later process of Annewari.

 

Section 194 
Suspension /Remission of Land Revenue

           1)Notwithstanding any thing contained in this Act, but subject to such Rules as may be prescribed, where there is a failure of crops in any tract owing to inadequate rainfall or other cause and the state Government considers that it is necessary to suspend or remit the Land Revenue payable in respect of any land in such a tract ,it may by notification 1).suspend the collection of Land Revenue 2)Remit the Land Revenue payable for any year.

Similarly the RULE 147 of the chapter XVI of LAND REVENUE RULES 1966 spells about Annewari process, i.e. Crop cutting experiments.

 RULE 147(1)
 
The Deputy Commissioner shall cause crop cutting experiments to be conducted in all the villages every year in all the growing seasons, in order to determine the average crop wise yield per acre. The Tahasildar shall conduct such crop cutting experiments in at least 5%of the villages in the taluka, the Revenue Inspector in at least 20% of the villages in his circle and Village Accountant in all the villages in his charge, in which neither Tahasildar nor R.I has conducted such experiments every year in the relevant seasons. The question of remission of Land Revenue shall be considered on the basis of such experiments

 

         Thus the Land Revenue Rules are crystal clear to say that under what circumstances the Land Revenue payable becomes eligible for recovery /suspension/Remission as the case may be ,depending upon the crop Annewari determined as per crop cutting experiments…

              Hence proclamation of ANNEWARI   NOTIFICATION  by the Deputy Commissioners is a must  so as to ascertain as to whether the Land Revenue payable becomes eligible for recovery, suspension or Remission.

Crop cutting Experiments.
               Though no scientific methods have been prescribed in the act, in the circular RD.50.TRM90.dt 6.6.92,instructions have been issued to follow the guidelines prescribed in the book “Crop Estimation Surveys of Food and Non food crops in Karnataka”. Futher it has warned not to do  annewari on eye estimates.

               To calculate the annawari of a village,the sy.no.of three grade i.e.good,medium and least are choosen.the crop cutting and harvest of the crop is done before the panchas who will be informed well in advance.This result of harvest done has to be noted in form A and AA.

 

     Annewari proposals
                Though government has instructed to send the annewari proposals with due crop cutting experiments,but no formats for submission of annewari proposals have been prescribed. Any how in Belgaum Division the formats being used in the ex-Bombay province are continued.

        Any how the annewari proposals should accompany in following formats.
       i.public notice
       ii.crop cutting sheet in form AA
       iii.A sheet
       iv.proceeding sheets
     
                      On the reports/proposals received from the talukas the Deputy Commissioner has to issue the Annewari notification probably

               For Kharif……………… by November
               For Rabi ………………… by April

               Some of the Dy.Commrs intrerpret that the annewari notification has to be issued only at the time of remission.It is totally wrong. Irrespective whether it is remission,suspension or recovery notification is a must.Thus NOTIFICATION OF ANNEWARI FOR EACH SEASON IS COMPULSORY.

Remission proposals.
                  The Government by amending the KLR Rules,has dropped the provision of suspension of land revenue,w.e.f.9-2-95.According to this if,

Annwari is less than 25% Full remission. Annewari is more than 25% But less than 50%  Half remission. Annewari is more than 50% Recovery.

 
                  Thus the Remission proposals of the taluka  should be sumitted to the concerned Dy.Commrs in Form. 1,2,3,and 4 within one month from the date of annewari Notification.The Govt. in its circular RD.264.TRM.99 dt.18-1-2000,has given the time schedule to each officers as,

From Tahr. To Asst.Commrs 15 days

Asst. Commr To Dy.Commr 1Week

Dy.Commr to Regl.Commr 1 week

Regl.Commr to Govt        1 week.

 

                   The Government in its recent circular RD.70.TRM.2003 dt.5-8-2004 has prescribed a format which has to be accompanied for each proposal.
 
Action on Notification at Taluka level. 
                  Soon after the receipt of the approval from the Govt,and published in gazette,the copies of the gazette be sent to the taluka office,who inturn send them to Village Accountant. The V.A.has to take a note in the Khata (Form No.24)of the respective revenue year which is duly authenticated by the Huzur jamabandi Officer.
           

              Since the Annewari is most basic requirement figures of which oftenly called by the Central/State Govt,Civil courts,and Nabard banks, it is necessary  to have the records in the form of permanent Register. Hence it is advisable to have the PERAMANENT REGISTER at atleast District level Offices.